Learn more about the common causes of infertility and how they are treated.
Did you know that about 1 in 8 couples have trouble getting pregnant? If you are one of them you are not alone. In fact, about 7.4 million women have received some sort of infertility service to help them get pregnant. If you want to get pregnant but are having difficulties, find out more about infertility and how one of our Englewood OBGYN doctors can help.
What exactly does infertility mean?
While some women may take longer than others to become pregnant, there are some women that are faced with infertility. Infertility is defined as,
- A woman under the age of 35 that hasn’t conceived after 12 months of unprotected sex.
- A woman over the age of 35 that has not conceived after six months of unprotected sex.
How is infertility diagnosed?
Fortunately, there are many diagnostic services that your Englewood gynecologist can offer to help pinpoint the root cause of infertility. While discussing your medical history and performing a physical exam are expected, certain diagnostic tests may also be administered including,
Endocrine system tests: Since the endocrine system contains all the hormone-producing glands sometimes infertility may be the result of an issue with the endocrine system. Common endocrine system tests include,
- Basal Body Temperature Charting (BBT)
- Endometrial Biopsy
- Testing for Luteinizing Hormone
- Estradiol test (to test the health of the ovaries)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) test (to test the health of the ovaries)
Ovarian testing: These tests are more commonly performed if the woman is over 33 years old or if she is dealing with any of these other risk factors:
- A cigarette smoker
- Recurrent miscarriages
- Ovarian surgery
- Family history of early menopause
Laparoscopy is the most common ovarian test. This surgery is performed using a thin tube that is used to examine the health of the reproductive system including the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries.
Pelvic testing: If we believe that a pelvic disorder is the cause, we may recommend getting an ultrasonography or hysterosalpingogram.
Treating Infertility in Women
The treatment we recommend will depend on the cause. Here are only some of the most common types of treatments:
- Taking medications like metformin or clomiphene if you are having trouble ovulating.
- If the cause of your infertility is unknown you may also consider hormone injections or insemination.
- If you have blocked fallopian tubes then you may need tubal surgery.
- If endometriosis is to blame, laparoscopic surgery may be recommended to remove some of the endometrial tissue.
Have questions or concerns about getting pregnant? Then it’s time you talked to one of our Englewood obstetricians. Call South Metro Obstetrics & Gynecology today!